The motor neurone diseases (MND) or motor neuron diseases are a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurones the cells that control voluntary muscle activity including speaking, walking, breathing, swallowing and general movement of the body. They are generally progressive in nature, and can cause progressive disability and death.
This once again impairs mobility, speech and general quality of life and assistance revolves around ablution functions, feeding, dressing, general moving about and is also very intensive. The lack of effective medications to slow the progression of ALS does not mean that patients with ALS cannot be medically cared for. Instead, treatment of patients with ALS focuses on the relief of symptoms associated with the disease. This involves a variety of health professionals including neurologists, speech-language pathologists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, dieticians, respiratory therapists, social workers, palliative care specialists, specialist nurses and psychologists.